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India is an abode for countless species of native as well as migratory birds. The Sultanpur Bird Sanctuary can be easily termed as one such place where many beautiful species of birds reside or visit throughout the year.
The Sultanpur Bird sanctuary is located on the Delhi-Jaipur Highway. This is 15 km from Gurgaon and 40 km away from a place known as Dhaula Kuan located in Delhi. This sanctuary is best suited for bird watchers as well as birding. It provides a panoramic view of various migratory birds such as Siberian Cranes, Greater Flamingo, Ruff, Blackwinged, Wood Sandpiper, etc.
Nearly 250 different species of birds can be easily spotted here. While a few of them are residents, many come after covering a long distance from Europe, Afghanistan and Siberia. Some resident birds are common Hoopoe, Painted stork, White Ibis and Paddyfield Pipit. Around 100 migratory birds arrive in quest of proper feeding areas and to take refuge from the harsh winters.
Best Time to visit Sultanpur Bird Sanctuary
This place is best visited in winters when a great number of different migratory birds arrive. The Winter months from November to March provide an ample opportunity for the school groups, families, corporate groups and individuals to visit this very popular bird sanctuary. This is a perfect weekend retreat in the lap of Mother Nature. The lake with shallow water and low bushes offers good opportunity to observe birds at very close distance. The lake is the point near which the Sultanpur Bird Sanctuary has developed. This lake offers boating facilities and also boasts of a huge number of reptiles and for attracting migratory birds during winter.
Sultanpur experiences the characteristic climate of North India. During the summer the temperature rises to a maximum of 46 ° C while in winter it falls below 0°C. Monsoon is quite short and lasts from July till the end of August. During the hot and rainy seasons, the park is filled with many local bird species.
History of Sultanpur
This place, Sultanpur was termed so in memory of the great Rajput King known as Chauhan Sultan Singh, who was an heir of Harsh Dev Chauhan and established Garhi Harsaru and constructed Dhundhoti, took hold of it in the year 1474 at Vikram Samwat post a hard struggle from the Silar Muslims. The area surrounding Sultanpur was known as Dhundhoti. It was also the centre for producing salt which was utilized in Delhi up to late nineteenth century.
Production of Salt
Salt was extracted using brine obtained from nearly 40 wells with the help of bullocks and then drying it in open sites. The salt was the major source of revenue as 2 per maund tax was collected. Though, during the British reign this Sambhar salt was captured and which led to a terrible setback in the Sultanpur area’s economy.
Efforts of Haryana Government in Sultanpur
The Haryana Government has carried out some major development like construction of maunds and widening of paths; four tube wells have also been dug. They have always tried to plant more trees to improve vegetation which is popular with the birds like Ficus spp.
Late Dr. Salim Moizuddin Abdul Ali, India’s own Ornithologist has modified this place. There are various watch towers, hide-outs along with a museum exhibiting stuffs made for people keen on closer study.
Current Status of Sultanpur Bird Sanctuary
The Park was upgraded to National Park under section 35 of the Wildlife Protection Act 1972 on July 5th 1991. This is an ideal tourist destination for birdies. Rare and highly endangered birds display a great panoramic and spectacular view to the bird-lovers. Truly, it is a heaven for bird lovers to watch some of the most beautiful birds in the globe under one roof.
How to reach Sultanpur Bird Sanctuary from Rohtak
Located at a distance of just 71.6 km from Rohtak, the Sultanpur Bird sanctuary can be easily reached by hiring a private car in nearly 1 hour and 20 minutes.