History of Rohtak
The Painted Grey Ware culture and its inclusions in the ruins of the Khokrakot near Rohtak speak clearly of the relation of the region with the later Vedic Periods. Rohtak has possibly the most number of mentions in the ancient literature that holds testimony to the fact that the land has been inhabited since time immemorial. There is Niryavalika- an Upanga text of the Jaina sources that speaks of a Yaksha shrine here. Legend has it that Kartikeya; the Hindu deity was the Jaina Muni as indicated in the Brihatkathakosha which also has the mention of Rohtak in it. In the epic Mahabharata, Rohtak is referred to as Rohitaka- the capital city of Bahudhanyaka. Also, according to the Skand Puranas, there were 5.00,000 villages of which Rohtak was the capital in Haryana.
Tracing the development of Rohtak till the Mughal Era
Rohtak was in the hands of Vardhanas as a part of Thanesar and then as a part of Kannauj under Harsha and The Pratiharas in the 9th century. When the Mughals came in power, there was inclusion of Rohtak in the Suba of Delhi by the Mughal-Akbar and was given out as a military Jagir to other chieftains. After the decline of the Mughals there were Rajputs, Jats, Sikhs and Marathas ruling in Rohtak and then it passed under the British.
Under the British, Rohtak was awarded to the Nawab of Dujana who abandoned part of the region which included Rohtak and thus began the construction of the Rohtak district as we know it. By 1824, Rohtak district comprised of Meham, Kharkhoda-Mandothi, Beri, Rohtak and Gohana under Delhi but was then later passed on to Punjab. However, the Hisar Division comprising Rohtak was abolished in 1884 and till 1997, the abolitions and assimilations continued. The current Rohtak district consists of Rohtak and Meham Tehsils.
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